What Are The Most Common Blood Tests?

What are the abbreviations on a blood test?

Appendix B: Some Common AbbreviationsAbbreviationStands forMore informationHCTHematocritA blood test measurementHCVHepatitis C virusA virus that causes one type of liver diseaseHDLHigh density lipoproteinA type of cholesterol, also known as “good” cholesterolHGBHemoglobinA blood test measurement125 more rows•Mar 2, 2020.

What type of infections can a CBC detect?

The CBC can evaluate your overall health and detect a variety of diseases and conditions, such as infections, anemia and leukemia….Rare allergic reactions (hives, food allergy)Inflammation (rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis)Some leukemias.Uremia.

How many types of blood tests are there?

Types of Blood TestsAntinuclear antibody.Blood chemistry study.Blood lipid profile.BNP testing.Complement.Complete blood count (CBC)Creatinine.C-reactive protein (CRP)More items…

Does CBC show viral infection?

A CBC test usually includes: White blood cell (WBC, leukocyte) count. White blood cells protect the body against infection. If an infection develops, white blood cells attack and destroy the bacteria, virus, or other organism causing it.

What can be detected in a blood test?

Specifically, blood tests can help doctors:Evaluate how well organs—such as the kidneys, liver, thyroid, and heart—are working.Diagnose diseases and conditions such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, anemia (uh-NEE-me-eh), and coronary heart disease.Find out whether you have risk factors for heart disease.More items…•

What is the normal blood count?

Normal Blood Count Ranges In general, the normal range for a red blood cell count is 4.5 to 5.5 million cells/mm3 if you’re male and 4 to 5 million cells/mm3 if you’re female. For white blood cell count, the normal range is 5,000 to 10,000 cells/mm3, and for platelets, the typical range is 140,000 to 400,000/mm3.

What diseases do not show up in blood tests?

10 health conditions that can’t be diagnosed by blood testsDEMENTIA: It’s not your blood that gives the game away. … PARKINSON’S DISEASE: Again it is the symptoms — the shaking, stiffness and general slowing up — that make the diagnosis. … MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (MS): You’ll probably end up having blood taken but that is to check for other problems which can look like MS.More items…

What is vitamin D called in a blood test?

In your bloodstream, vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 are changed into a form of vitamin D called 25 hydroxyvitamin D, also known as 25(OH)D. A vitamin D blood test measures the level of 25(OH)D in your blood.

What does a full blood panel test for?

A routine complete blood count (CBC) test checks for levels of 10 different components of every major cell in your blood: white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. Important components measured by this test include red blood cell count, hemoglobin, and hematocrit.

What does abnormal CBC mean?

Abnormal red blood cell, hemoglobin, or hematocrit levels may indicate anemia, iron deficiency, or heart disease. Low white cell count may indicate an autoimmune disorder, bone marrow disorder, or cancer. High white cell count may indicate an infection or reaction to medication.

What does u/l mean in blood tests?

Picograms per milliliter (pg/mL). Picomoles per liter (pmol/L). Titers. Units per liter (U/L). Units per milliliter (U/mL).

What are the three main blood tests?

Blood test results components A blood test is typically composed of three main tests: a complete blood count, a metabolic panel and a lipid panel.

What are the two blood tests?

When you’re in the hospital, you may have blood drawn for two common tests.A complete blood count (CBC) checks your blood for signs of infection, immune system problems, bleeding problems, and anemia (low iron).A blood chemistry panel gives your doctor information about your muscles, bones, heart, and other organs.

Do all cancers show up in blood tests?

With the exception of blood cancers, blood tests generally can’t absolutely tell whether you have cancer or some other noncancerous condition, but they can give your doctor clues about what’s going on inside your body.

Does nicotine show up in a normal blood test?

Blood. Blood tests can detect nicotine as well as its metabolites, including cotinine and anabasine. Nicotine itself may be present in the blood for only 48 hours, while cotinine may be detectable for up to three weeks. After blood is drawn in a lab, results can take from two to 10 days.

What does borderline blood test mean?

Borderline. Take no action – This means that the doctor has looked at the result and deemed it to be just outside of the normal range and the result is not concerning. Abnormal, but expected. Take no action – This means that the doctor has looked at the result and no further investigation or treatment is needed.