What Are The Main Cardiovascular Diseases?

Can cardiovascular disease be cured?

A: Although we can’t cure heart disease, we can make it better.

Most forms of heart disease are very treatable today.

There is some evidence that normalizing high blood pressure and lowering cholesterol to very low levels will partially reverse plaques in the coronary arteries..

What are the signs and symptoms of cardiovascular disease?

General Warning Signs and SymptomsExtreme fatigue.Constant dizziness or lightheadedness.A fast heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute)A new, irregular heartbeat.Chest pain or discomfort during activity that goes away with rest.Difficulty breathing during regular activities and rest.More items…

What are the 4 signs your heart is quietly failing?

Heart failure signs and symptoms may include:Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you exert yourself or when you lie down.Fatigue and weakness.Swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet.Rapid or irregular heartbeat.Reduced ability to exercise.Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm.More items…•

What type of heart attack kills instantly?

The most common life-threatening arrhythmia is ventricular fibrillation, which is an erratic, disorganized firing of impulses from the ventricles (the heart’s lower chambers). When this occurs, the heart is unable to pump blood and death will occur within minutes, if left untreated.

What are the 6 main risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

Major risk factors that can’t be changedIncreasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…

What are the six cardinal signs of cardiovascular disease?

Symptomspain or pressure in the chest, which may indicate angina.pain or discomfort in the arms, left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back.shortness of breath.nausea and fatigue.lightheadedness or dizziness.cold sweats.

What are the top ten cardiovascular diseases?

What Are Cardiovascular Diseases?Abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias.Aorta disease and Marfan syndrome.Congenital heart disease.Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries)Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.Heart attack.Heart failure.Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy)More items…•

What are the major causes of cardiovascular disease?

Causes of CVDHigh blood pressure. High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the most important risk factors for CVD. … Smoking. Smoking and other tobacco use is also a significant risk factor for CVD. … High cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Inactivity. … Being overweight or obese. … Family history of CVD. … Ethnic background.More items…

Is High Blood Pressure a type of cardiovascular disease?

High blood pressure (BP), cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, and lipid abnormalities are major modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Among these, high BP is associated with the strongest evidence for causation and has a high prevalence of exposure.

What are the 4 most common cardiovascular diseases?

Learn about some of the most common conditions.Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) … Heart Attack. … Arrhythmia. … Heart Failure. … Congenital Heart Defects. … Cardiomyopathy. … Peripheral Artery Disease.

What are three warning signs or symptoms of cardiovascular disease?

SymptomsChest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure and chest discomfort (angina)Shortness of breath.Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed.Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back.

What is the deadliest form of CVD?

Coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease, killing 365,914 people in 2017….Of these,605,000 are a first heart attack. … 200,000 happen to people who have already had a heart attack. … About 1 in 5 heart attacks is silent—the damage is done, but the person is not aware of it.

What are signs of a bad heart?

Especially watch out for these problems:Chest Discomfort. It’s the most common sign of heart danger. … Nausea, Indigestion, Heartburn, or Stomach Pain. … Pain that Spreads to the Arm. … You Feel Dizzy or Lightheaded. … Throat or Jaw Pain. … You Get Exhausted Easily. … Snoring. … Sweating.More items…•

What are the 6 health risk factors?

23 These six prior- ity health-risk behaviors are: alcohol and other drug use, behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence (including suicide), tobacco use, unhealthy dietary behaviors, physical inactivity and sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted …

What are 4 uncontrollable risk factors?

The “uncontrollable” risk factors are: Age (the risk increases with age)…The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress.

At what age does cardiovascular disease start?

Your risk for heart disease increases with age, especially with people of color and for those who are over 65. While the average age for a heart attack is 64.5 for men, and 70.3 for women, nearly 20 percent of those who die of heart disease are under the age of 65.

What is the most common cardiovascular disease?

The most common type of heart disease in the United States is coronary artery disease (CAD), which affects the blood flow to the heart. Decreased blood flow can cause a heart attack.