Quick Answer: What Are The Most Common Communicable Diseases?

What are the 10 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable DiseasesCRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.HIV/AIDS.More items….

What are the top 3 communicable diseases?

Ebola.Influenza.Mumps.Norovirus.Pertussis.Tuberculosis.Coronavirus.

Is Influenza a communicable disease?

Influenza, commonly called “the flu,” is a contagious disease caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract, including nose, throat, and lungs. It can cause severe illness and life-threatening complications in many people including the elderly.

What are the 5 non communicable diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

What are the top 5 common viral infections?

Other common viral diseases include:Chickenpox.Flu (influenza)Herpes.Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS)Human papillomavirus (HPV)Infectious mononucleosis.Mumps, measles and rubella.Shingles.More items…

What are common viruses?

These include:smallpox.the common cold and different types of flu.measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, and shingles.hepatitis.herpes and cold sores.polio.rabies.Ebola and Hanta fever.More items…•

How many types of communicable diseases are there?

Types and symptoms. Four main types of pathogens cause infection: Viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protists.

How can you prevent communicable diseases?

Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others:Wash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What are the most common non communicable diseases?

The main types of NCDs are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

What are 3 communicable diseases?

Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

What are the 4 most common communicable diseases?

The diseases below are among them.2019-nCoV.CRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.More items…

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…•

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Four main NCDs and their common risk factors. The four leading NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes) share four risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

What is the most rare disease?

5 of the World’s Most Ultra-Rare DiseasesRPI deficiency.Fields Condition. … Kuru. … Methemoglobinemia. … Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria. More often referred to as Progeria, this disease affects about one in every 8 million children and, due to a genetic mutation, causes the appearance of rapid aging beginning in early childhood. …