Quick Answer: What Are Infectious And Non Infectious Diseases Give Three Examples In Each Case?

What are non infectious diseases and give four examples?

A disease that is not contagious is called a noninfectious disease.

These diseases are not caused by pathogens.

Instead, they are likely to have causes such as lifestyle factors, environmental toxins, or gene mutations.

Common types of noninfectious diseases include cancer, diabetes, and immune system diseases..

What are non infectious diseases Class 9?

For example: Tuberculosis, tetanus, Common cold, AIDS, etc. Non-infectious Diseases: The disease which does not spread by contact between infected and healthy person through air and water, is called non-infectious disease. For example: Cancer, genetic abnormalities, high blood pressure, etc.

What is the difference between disease and infectious disease?

Infection, often the first step, occurs when bacteria, viruses or other microbes that cause disease enter your body and begin to multiply. Disease occurs when the cells in your body are damaged — as a result of the infection — and signs and symptoms of an illness appear.

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

What is an example of a infectious disease?

Infectious diseases are diseases caused by living organisms like viruses and bacteria. They can be passed from person to person through body secretions, insects or other means. Examples are SARS, influenza, the common cold, tuberculosis (TB), Hepatitis A and B.

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are 5 non infectious diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

Is allergy infectious or non infectious?

Allergens are not pathogens: why immunization against allergy differs from vaccination against infectious diseases.

What are non contagious diseases?

Definition. Non Contagious Disease: This is a disease which is not easily transmitted from person to person. It may require the aid of a vector (e.g. a mosquito), or it may result from a shared environmental issue e.g. food poisoning or a common travel history.

Are all contagious diseases infectious?

All contagious diseases are infectious, but not all infectious diseases are contagious. Contagious diseases are infectious diseases that are easily spread through contact with other people.

How can you protect yourself from infectious diseases?

Learn these healthy habits to protect yourself from disease and prevent germs and infectious diseases from spreading.Handle & Prepare Food Safely. … Wash Hands Often. … Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … Cough & Sneeze Into Your Sleeve. … Don’t Share Personal Items. … Get Vaccinated. … Avoid Touching Wild Animals.More items…

What is the difference between infectious and noninfectious disease give one example of each?

Non-infectious diseases are not caused by pathogens and therefore cannot be spread from one person to another. Instead, non-infectious diseases are caused by factors such as genetics, malnutrition, environment and lifestyle. Examples of non-infectious diseases include cancer, Alzheimer’s disease and epilepsy.

What are the five stages of infectious disease?

Periods of Disease. The five periods of disease (sometimes referred to as stages or phases) include the incubation, prodromal, illness, decline, and convalescence periods (Figure 12.2. 1). The incubation period occurs in an acute disease after the initial entry of the pathogen into the host (patient).

What are four basic types of infectious diseases?

There are different types of pathogens, but we’re going to focus on the four most common types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites.

What causes non infectious inflammation?

Noninfectious Inflammatory Causes of FUO (Connective Tissue Diseases, Vasculitides, and Granulomatous Disorders) The most common noninfectious inflammatory causes of FUO include the following: Giant cell (temporal) arteritis. Adult Still disease (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis)

Is asthma a non infectious disease?

Asthma is one of the major noncommunicable diseases. It is a chronic disease of the air passages of the lungs which inflames and narrows them.

What does non infectious mean?

: not infectious or caused by infection noninfectious diseases a vaccine containing inactivated noninfectious viruses noninfectious allergic conjunctivitis.

What are 3 examples of non infectious diseases?

Examples of Noninfectious DiseasesCystic Fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is an example of a genetic noninfectious disease. … Cancer. Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. … Cardiovascular Disease. … Type 2 Diabetes.