Quick Answer: How Do Phytochemicals Impact The Risk For Heart Disease Quizlet?

What should you do to reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke quizlet?

Terms in this set (24)not smoking.sufficient physical activity.a healthy diet.an appropriate energy balance and normal body weight.optimal total cholesterol without medication.optimal blood pressure without medication.optimal fasting blood glucose without medication..

When a coronary artery is completely blocked the result is?

When one or more of the coronary arteries suddenly becomes completely blocked, a heart attack (injury to the heart muscle) may occur. If the blockage occurs more slowly, the heart muscle may develop small collateral blood vessels (or detours) for other coronary arteries to reroute the blood flow, and angina occurs.

How do you test for insulin resistance?

Doctors most often use the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test or the A1C test to diagnose prediabetes. Less often, doctors use the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), which is more expensive and not as easy to give. The A1C test reflects your average blood glucose over the past 3 months.

What are 4 risk factors for heart disease?

Major Risk FactorsHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. … High Blood Cholesterol. One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Obesity and Overweight. … Smoking. … Physical Inactivity. … Gender. … Heredity.More items…

What are the six main risk factors for cardiovascular disease quizlet?

Terms in this set (63)T/F The six major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that can be changed are tobacco use, high blood pressure, obesity, unhealthy cholesterol levels, diabetes, and physical inactivity. … T/F LDL cholesterol is the less healthy form of cholesterol.More items…

Which is a behavior that can lower your risk for cardiovascular disease quizlet?

Maintaining a healthy weight, eating a healthy diet, being physically active, managing stress, monitoring blood pressure, and avoiding smoking and drinking.

What is the main cause of insulin resistance?

Obesity (being significantly overweight and belly fat), an inactive lifestyle, and a diet high in carbohydrates are the primary causes of insulin resistance. Some women develop insulin resistance while they are pregnant.

Which disorders are associated with an increased risk for heart failure quizlet?

Diabetes.Coronary artery disease.Chronic hypertension.Myocardial infarction.

What are the 4 uncontrollable risk factors?

The “uncontrollable” risk factors are: Age (the risk increases with age)…The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress.

Which is a behavior that can lower your risk for cardiovascular disease?

Regular physical activity can lower your risk for heart disease. Drinking too much alcohol can raise blood pressure levels and the risk for heart disease.

Which problem does blockage of blood supply to the brain cause?

Stroke. Stroke is an abrupt interruption of constant blood flow to the brain that causes loss of neurological function. The interruption of blood flow can be caused by a blockage, leading to the more common ischemic stroke, or by bleeding in the brain, leading to the more deadly hemorrhagic stroke.

What is the best medication for insulin resistance?

Antiobesity drugs, such as orlistat, may reduce insulin resistance and related cardiovascular risk factors through weight reduction and other mechanisms. Other currently available drugs include liraglutide, phentermine, phentermine/topiramate extended release (ER), lorcaserin, and naltrexone ER/bupropion ER.

What are the six major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that people can change?

Controllable risk factors include:Smoking.High LDL, or “bad” cholesterol, and low HDL, or “good” cholesterol.Uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure)Physical inactivity.Obesity.Uncontrolled diabetes.Uncontrolled stress and anger.

Which of the following is a risk factor for heart disease quizlet?

Smoking; smoking, hypertension, and high cholesterol are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

Which of the following are risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

Major risk factors that can’t be changedIncreasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…

Which individual has the greatest risk for insulin resistance?

An individual is more likely to have or develop insulin resistance if he or she:Has a history of high blood pressure, high blood triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, arteriosclerosis (or other components of the metabolic syndrome)Has polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)Displays acanthosis nigricans.More items…•

When a coronary artery is completely blocked the result is quizlet?

Terms in this set (20) What occurs when a coronary artery is completely blocked? Cigarette smoke reduces the amount of oxygen available to the body.

Which of the following will lead to a reduction in heart disease risk?

Eat a healthy diet. Try to limit saturated fats, foods high in sodium, and added sugars. Eat plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. The DASH diet is an example of an eating plan that can help you to lower your blood pressure and cholesterol, two things that can lower your risk of heart disease.