Question: What Is The Most Effective Method For Control Of Communicable Disease?

What are examples of primary prevention?

Primary prevention includes those preventive measures that come before the onset of illness or injury and before the disease process begins.

Examples include immunization and taking regular exercise to prevent health problems developing in the future..

How do you control an outbreak?

What are outbreak control measures?Cleaning and disinfecting food facilities.Temporarily closing a restaurant or processing plant.Recalling food items.Telling the public how to make the food safe (such as cooking to a certain temperature) or to avoid it completely.More items…

How do you practice infection control?

Hand hygiene1.Gloves. ■ Wear when touching blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, mucous membranes, nonintact skin. … Facial protection (eyes, nose, and mouth) ■ … Gown. ■ … Prevention of needle stick injuries2.Respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette.Environmental cleaning. ■ … Linens.More items…

What are the 5 modes of transmission?

Modes of transmissionDirect. Direct contact. Droplet spread.Indirect. Airborne. Vehicleborne. Vectorborne (mechanical or biologic)

What are the top 5 common viral infections?

Other common viral diseases include:Chickenpox.Flu (influenza)Herpes.Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS)Human papillomavirus (HPV)Infectious mononucleosis.Mumps, measles and rubella.Shingles.More items…

What are the 5 levels of prevention?

Levels of the prevention are mainly categorized as primordial, primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention.

Which of the following is the most effective way to reduce the number of nosocomial infections?

HandwashingNosocomial infections kill between 90,000 and 100,000 patients per year. Cost of each case infection has been estimated at between $15,000 and $25,000. Handwashing remains the most effective way to reduce incidence of nosocomial infections.

How can communicable diseases be controlled?

Learn, practice, and teach healthy habits.#1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs. … #2 Wash Hands Often. … #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve. … #5 Don’t Share Personal Items. … #6 Get Vaccinated. … #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals. … #8 Stay Home When Sick.

What are the 3 types of prevention?

The three levels of preventive care—primary, secondary, and tertiary care—are detailed below:Primary Prevention. Primary prevention aims to avoid the development of a disease or disability in healthy individuals. … Secondary Prevention. … Tertiary Prevention.

What causes infectious disease?

Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They’re normally harmless or even helpful. But under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease.

What’s more important for preventing infection?

It is important for the environment to be cleaned, but the most important measure to actually prevent spread and transmission of bacteria, from the environment to the patient, is hand hygiene. It’s clear that by improving hand hygiene, you are decreasing infections.

What are 6 ways that communicable diseases can be spread?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

What are the 5 most common chronic diseases?

The Top 7 Most Common Chronic Diseases in the U.SHeart Disease. … Cancer. … Chronic Lung Disease. … Stroke. … Alzheimer’s. … Diabetes. … Kidney Disease.

What are the common viruses?

Examplesmeasles.rubella.chickenpox/shingles.roseola.smallpox.fifth disease.chikungunya virus infection.

What are the 4 most common communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What is the most effective method to control the spread of communicable disease quizlet?

Vaccines are one of the most effective methods of preventing and controlling communicable diseases.

What are the level of prevention of communicable disease?

There are three levels of prevention: improving the overall health of the population (primary prevention) improving (secondary prevention) improving treatment and recovery (tertiary prevention).

What are three ways in which communicable diseases can be spread?

A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids; breathing in an airborne virus; or by being bitten by an insect.

What are measures to control and prevent communicable diseases quizlet?

To prevent the spread of communicable diseases, one can avoid sharing personal items, wash hands, stay away from public places when ill and limit exposure to individuals with contagious diseases.

What is the most communicable disease?

One of the most contagious of all infectious diseases, measles (also called rubeola) causes a characteristic red rash on the skin. Other symptoms of this viral disease are similar to that of the common cold.

What is the most effective way of controlling an infectious disease?

Wash your hands well Washing hands properly is one of the most important and effective ways of stopping the spread of infections and illnesses. Wash your hands thoroughly using water and plain soap.