Question: What Are The Different Types Of Blood Cells And Their Functions?

How is blood made in our bodies?

The bone marrow produces stem cells, the building blocks that the body uses to make the different blood cells – red cells, white cells and platelets.

The erythropoietin sends a message to the stem cells telling more of them to develop into red blood cells, rather than white cells or platelets..

Which blood component has the shortest lifespan?

White blood cells are made in the bone marrow. They are stored in your blood and lymph tissues. Because some white blood cells have a short life of 1 to 3 days, your bone marrow is always making them.

What is the full form of RBC and WBC?

A blood cell, also called a hematopoietic cell, hemocyte, or hematocyte, is a cell produced through hematopoiesis and found mainly in the blood. Major types of blood cells include red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets (thrombocytes).

What are the 7 types of blood cells?

Blood cells. Blood contains many types of cells: white blood cells (monocytes, lymphocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, and macrophages), red blood cells (erythrocytes), and platelets. Blood circulates through the body in the arteries and veins.

What are two major components of blood?

Plasma is the main component of blood and consists mostly of water, with proteins, ions, nutrients, and wastes mixed in. Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide. Platelets are responsible for blood clotting. White blood cells are part of the immune system and function in immune response.

What are the 5 major functions of blood?

Functions of blood. Transports O2, CO2, nutrients, hormones, heat and wastes. Regulates pH, temperature, water content of cells. Protects against blood loss through clotting. Protects against disease through phagocytic white blood cells and antibodies.

What is WBC and RBC?

Red blood cells (RBC, erythrocytes) are hemoglobin-carrying cells that primarily transport oxygen. White blood cells (WBC, leukocytes) take the form of either granulocytes or lymphocytes. Granulocytes are part of the innate immune system and play a key role in the immune response to bacteria, fungi, and parasites.

What are the different types of blood cells and their purpose function?

The cellular portion of blood contains red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs) and platelets. The RBCs carry oxygen from the lungs. The WBCs help to fight infection, and platelets are parts of cells that the body uses for clotting. All blood cells are produced in the bone marrow.

What is the function of RBC?

What Is the Function of Red Blood Cells? Red blood cells carry oxygen from our lungs to the rest of our bodies. Then they make the return trip, taking carbon dioxide back to our lungs to be exhaled.

What are the 8 functions of blood?

Below are 8 important facts about blood.Blood Is Fluid Connective Tissue. … Blood Provides the Body’s Cells with Oxygen and Removes Carbon Dioxide. … Blood Transports Nutrients and Hormones. … Blood Regulates Body Temperature. … Platelets Clot Blood at Sites of Injury. … Blood Brings Waste Products to the Kidneys and Liver.More items…

What is normal hemoglobin?

Normal results for adults vary, but in general are: Male: 13.8 to 17.2 grams per deciliter (g/dL) or 138 to 172 grams per liter (g/L) Female: 12.1 to 15.1 g/dL or 121 to 151 g/L.

What are the main components of blood?

It has four main components: plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Blood has many different functions, including: transporting oxygen and nutrients to the lungs and tissues.

What makes the blood look red?

Human blood is red because of the protein hemoglobin, which contains a red-colored compound called heme that’s crucial for carrying oxygen through your bloodstream. … That’s why blood turns bright cherry red when oxygen binds to its iron. Without oxygen connected, blood is a darker red color.

What are the different types of blood cells?

All of the cells found in the blood come from bone marrow. They begin their life as stem cells, and they mature into three main types of cells— RBCs, WBCs, and platelets.

What are the 5 types of white blood cells and their functions?

Types of white blood cellsMonocytes. They have a longer lifespan than many white blood cells and help to break down bacteria.Lymphocytes. They create antibodies to fight against bacteria, viruses, and other potentially harmful invaders.Neutrophils. They kill and digest bacteria and fungi. … Basophils. … Eosinophils.

What are the 5 components of blood?

Blood contains:Plasma. Plasma constitutes 55% of total blood volume. … White Blood Cells. There are between 6,000 and 8,000 white cells per cubic millimetre of blood. … Platelets. Platelets, or thrombocytes, are smaller than the red and white blood cells. … Red Blood Cells.

What is the biggest blood cell?

MonocytesMonocytes are the largest cells of the blood (averaging 15–18 μm in diameter), and they make up about 7 percent of the leukocytes. The nucleus is relatively big and tends to be indented or folded rather than multilobed.

What are the 2 functions of a red blood cell?

Red blood cells (RBCs), also known as erythrocytes, have two main functions:To pick up oxygen from the lungs and deliver it to tissues elsewhere.To pick up carbon dioxide from other tissues and unload it in the lungs.