How Does Connective Tissue Disease Affect The Eyes?

Can mixed connective tissue disease cause vision problems?

A 66-year-old Caucasian female recently diagnosed with mixed connective tissue disease presented with acute onset vision loss in the left eye.

The patient first noted a “hazy-shower” that caused blurry vision with loss of peripheral vision..

What autoimmune diseases can affect the eyes?

There are many autoimmune disorders that affect the eye, including:Behcet disease. This rare autoimmune disorder is a leading cause of blindness in some developing countries. … Lupus. … Multiple sclerosis (MS). … Psoriasis. … Reiter’s syndrome. … Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). … Sjogren’s Syndrome. … Thyroid diseases.More items…•

How does systemic lupus affect the eyes?

The effects lupus may have in and around the eyes include: changes in the skin around the eyelids, dry eyes, inflammation of the white outer layer of the eyeball, blood vessel changes in the retina, and damage to nerves controlling eye movement and affecting vision.

What are 3 types of connective tissue?

The three types of connective tissue fibers are:Collagen fibers – most are type I collagen (most abundant protein in the body)Elastic fibers – contain elastin and fibrillin.Reticular fibers – contain type III collagen.

What is connective tissue disease signs and symptoms?

Early indications of mixed connective tissue disease can include:General feeling of being unwell. This can include increased fatigue and a mild fever.Cold and numb fingers or toes (Raynaud’s phenomenon). … Swollen fingers or hands. … Muscle and joint pain. … Rash.

Are eyes connective tissue?

The eyeball consists of three principal layers. The outer layer, or sclera, consists of dense fibrous connective tissue. The sclera is “white” of the eye. The sclera is continuous with the transparent substantia propria of the cornea.

What is the life expectancy of someone with mixed connective tissue disease?

According to the National Institutes of Health, the 10-year survival rate for people with MCTD is about 80 percent. That means 80 percent of people with MCTD are still alive 10 years after being diagnosed.

What does connective tissue disease do to your body?

Collagen is found in the tendons, ligaments, skin, cartilage, bone and blood vessels. Elastin is found in the ligaments and skin. When these connective tissues become inflamed, this can harm the proteins and surrounding areas of the body. This is known as a connective tissue disorder.

Is Fibromyalgia a connective tissue disorder?

Fibromyalgia is one of a group of chronic pain disorders that affect connective tissues, including the muscles, ligaments (the tough bands of tissue that bind together the ends of bones), and tendons (which attach muscles to bones).

What vitamins are good for connective tissue?

Foods rich in vitamin C can be a great help in connective tissue repair as it helps the body in the production of collagen. Vitamin C is also required to change the amino acid proline into hydroxyproline (the collagen form) and lysine into hydroxylisine (the collagen form).

What is the best treatment for mixed connective tissue disease?

Antimalarial drugs. Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) can treat mild mixed connective tissue disease and might prevent flare-ups.

Is mixed connective tissue disease worse than lupus?

Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD), a chronic disorder that has overlapping features of two or more systemic rheumatic disorders, is a relatively stable disease that is milder than systemic lupus erythematosus and systemic sclerosis, new research from Norway shows.

What is the most common connective tissue disorder?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most common connective tissue diseases and can be inherited. RA is an autoimmune disease, meaning the immune system attacks its own body. In this systemic disorder, immune cells attack and inflame the membrane around joints.

Does autoimmune disease affect eyes?

Autoimmune disease can affect any part of the body, including the eyes. Certain autoimmune disorders specifically target the eyes including ocular cicatricial pemphigoid, Mooren’s corneal ulcer, and some forms of uveitis.

How do you test for connective tissue disorder?

The doctor can sometimes detect a particular connective tissue disease simply by the physical examination. Frequently, blood testing, X-ray examination, and other tests can help in making a diagnosis of connective tissue disease.

What autoimmune disease causes inflammation in the eyes?

Dry eye syndrome is perhaps the most common eye condition to accompany rheumatoid arthritis, but painful scleritis (inflammation in the white of the eye) and uveitis (inflammation of the tissue in the eye wall) are possible as well.

What is the treatment for connective tissue disease?

Commonly used medications used in the treatment of autoimmune connective tissue diseases are: Corticosteroids. These medications help prevent the immune system from attacking your cells and prevent inflammation. Immunomodulators.

Is mixed connective tissue disease the same as lupus?

Mixed connective tissue disease is a term used by some doctors to describe a disorder characterized by features of systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, and polymyositis. Raynaud syndrome, joint pains, various skin abnormalities, muscle weakness, and problems with internal organs can develop.